Historically, Republican administrations have been far less aggressive in prosecuting antitrust cases than Democratic ones. Had Mitt Romney won last night, it's likely that the eBook price-fixing case against Apple, Macmillan and Pearson would have been settled on terms far more favorable to the companies, or would have been dropped altogether. That may have been one reason why the three companies refused to settle with the U.S. Justice Department--they thought that they could get far better terms by waiting a few months for a Romney administration. However, with President Obama's reelection, the Justice Department will continue to pursue its case, and will almost certainly make settlement on the same or similar terms as Hachette, HarperCollins and Simon & Schuster a condition for approval of the Penguin-Random House merger. All of this makes a settlement by Macmillan much more likely. At that point, Apple won't matter, because all of the Big 6 will be prohibited from accepting Apple's terms.